Obstetrics & Gynecology

Second Trimester in the Pregnancy Period

Second Trimester in the Pregnancy Period

In the pregnancy period the second trimester starts from week 13 until week 28, which is from the fourth to the sixth month. During this time more energy is felt than before. In these weeks the womb looks and feels bigger than before. There is a lot of change in the fetus during the second trimester, during this time, the baby’s organs develop and function fully.

4th Month:   

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Change in your body:

Nausea is now a thing of the past. you will feel fit, energetic since your blood supply increases. you will find more noticeable changes in your body. your abdomen will expand as you gain weight and as the baby grows.

Your baby:      

What should you eat in pregnancy?

The brain is fully developed and the fetus can suck, swallow, and make irregular breathing sounds, the fetus can also feel pain so be careful. fetal skin is almost transparent. muscle tissue is lengthening and bones have gotten tougher. liver and organs produce appropriate fluids, eyebrows and eyelashes appear and the fetus makes active movement including kicks but if it’s your first baby you may not realize them.

5th Month:

Change in your body:

Even if you were small during the early part of pregnancy, you will put on weight steadily now. Your bottom and thighs may acquire a pad of 8 and your West disappears, by now the doctor can hear the baby’s heartbeat through a stethoscope. And this is one of the most thrilling times when you will feel the baby move for the first time.at first, you feel a fluttering or bubbling sensation but later you can see the baby kicking about.

Your baby:

Finger and toes are seen in children in the second trimester of pregnancy. The ‘Lanugo’, which now has fine hair covering the entire body, aims to keep the baby at the right temperature but it disappears before birth. The fetus can hear and recognize the mother’s voice so talk to your baby and give her a cute name.

6th Month:

Change in your body:       

Nutrition for pregnancy. 

The second trimester of pregnancy now the abdomen has grown to just above your navel and the pressure on the abdomen can mean the beginning of heartburn. As the baby grows inside you there will be more pressure on all your organs. you may notice that you are short of breath try taking Deep, long breaths do some breathing exercise.

Your baby:

The baby now weighs above 0.5 kg. This is the last month he can move freely around the uterus. He has settled into a pattern of rest and activity and is often most active in the evening. A protective waxy substance called vernix covers the skin. By birth, most of the vernix will be gone and whatever is left is quickly absorbed. the fetus has a hand and started reflex. footprints and fingerprints are forming.  fetus practices breathing by inhaling amniotic fluid into its developing lungs. The fetus practices respiration by injecting amniotic fluid into its developing lungs.

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The medical term is the absence of menstrual period (bleeding) in a woman of reproductive age is known as amenorrhea or menostasis. There are two types of amenorrhea Primary & Secondary amenorrhea.
Primary amenorrhea – in the presence of normal growth and secondary sexual characteristics the young woman has not had her first period by the age of 16.
Secondary amenorrhea -This is when a woman who has had regular periods stops having her period for a minimum of 90 days or three months or longer. caused by Pregnancy, Breastfeeding, Menopause, Some birth control methods, Hormonal imbalance, Poor nutrition, Depression and Certain prescription drugs, etc.

Cryptomenorrhea or cryptomenorrhoea is one of the most serious conditions also known as hematocolpos. An abnormal condition in which the products of menstruation are retained within the vagina because of an imperforate hymen. Menstruation occurs but does not appear due to opposition to the outflow tract. Cryptomenorrhea may look like they are amenorrhea. Amenorrhea and Cryptomenorrhea involve no visible menstrual fluid. In the cryptomenorrhea, you will likely experience cyclical menstrual pain like cramping, Premenstrual Syndrome and tender breasts, etc. In amenorrhea, there is no menstruation for some reason.

Transfer of disease from one organ or part of the body to another not, directly connected with it, due either to transfer of cells, All malignant tumors are capable of metastasizing.

Excessive ingestion of food, not from hunger but due to loss of the sensation of satiety.

Congenital absence of the heart.

Expulsion from the uterus of the product of conception before the fetus is viable. this is the premature arrest of a natural or morbid process.

In a mature Morgagnian cataract, the cortex is completely liquefied and the nucleus rotates freely within the lens.

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