Riboflavin is the chemical name of Vitamin B2. Vitamin b2 (Riboflavin) can be in found foods. like meat, eggs, milk, nuts, green vegetables and also in enriched flour. It also presents other food in a synthetic form. Vitamin B2 is an important vitamin in the vitamin B complex. Vitamin B2 has an important role in the formation of red blood cells and required for cellular respiration.
Riboflavin is a very important vitamin in the vitamin list. because it is part of two coenzymes (FMN) flavin mononucleotide and (FAD) flavin adenine dinucleotide which are oxidizing agents.
Vitamin B2 is a water-soluble vitamin, so cooking food like boiling can cause vitamin B2 to be lost because it dissolves in water. We need to consume Vitamin B2 every day because our body can store a small amount of it. Riboflavin absorbed in the small intestine.
Vegan Foods of Vitamin B2
Dietary sources of riboflavin
Animal Sources – riboflavin found in food like dried yeast, meat, milk, powder milk, egg, fish, etc.
Vegan Foods – whole cereals, legumes, oilseeds, green leafy vegetables, fortified cereals, mushrooms, nuts, avocados, peas, sweet potato, pumpkins, beans, broccoli, spinach, whole-grain pieces of bread, and wheat bran.
Riboflavin is furthermore available as a generic medication. some riboflavin substitute found here Choose now. With many trades-names, and given by mouth, IM, and also by IV routes. Some bacteria produce free Riboflavin in the large intestine, It can be store in the liver, heart, and kidneys, and excreted in urine
The function of vitamin B2
Riboflavin helps our body in the breakdown of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. It helps in building red blood cells and helps in other cellular functions that give us energy. Vitamin B2 helps convert carbohydrates into (ATP) adenosine triphosphate, and ATP produces energy.
Riboflavin is an important component of (FMN) flavin mononucleotide and (FAD) adenine dinucleotide, (FMN) and (FAD) play important role in cellular function, energy production, growth, and development, and metabolism of drugs, steroids, and fats. Vitamin B2 maintains the normal value of homocysteine and amino acid in the blood. According to an open study, riboflavin reduces the duration and intensity of migraine
Deficiency disease of riboflavin
Vitamin b2 deficiency diseases or Riboflavin deficiency include oral and facial lesions, sore throat, redness and swelling of mouth lining. It also causes cheilosis (crack of the lip), angular stomatitis, redness of the tongue, and scrotal dermatitis. riboflavin deficiency that can affect our body’s metabolism. Deficiency of riboflavin can cause disease like-
- blurred vision,
- crack skin,
- liver degeneration
- and hair loss.
The recommended daily allowance of Riboflavin-
Normal recommended daily allowance (RDA) for men is approximately 1.3 mg/day, and 1.1 mg/day for women, to prevent cataract a higher dose of 3 mg can be given, and approximately 400 mg used to treat migraine.
vitamin b2 riboflavin also known to vitamin G or lactoflavin.