Cold Sore Causes Symptoms and Treatment

Cold sores – are a group of small, painful, fluid-filled blisters around the lips (herpes on lip). It is caused by the herpes simplex virus. known as oral herpes. A cold sore is a common viral infection and is also called a fever blister. these blisters are usually found in a group and look like patches. When the blisters break they form a scab that can last several days. Cold sores mostly heal in two or three weeks without leaving any scars.

Cold Sore Causes Symptoms and Treatment of oral herpes

Causes of Cold Sores –

Cold Sores are caused by herpes simplex virus, herpes simplex virus has two types-

  1. Herpes simplex virus type 1- It usually causes Cold Sores.
  2. Herpes simplex virus type 2- It causes Genital Herpes.

A cold sore is a contagious disease it may spread by-

  • By kissing
  • By oral sex
  • Sharing food with an affected person
  • By sharing cosmetics.

Symptoms of cold sores-

  • Painful, fluid-filled tiny blisters around the lips(herpes simplex gingivostomatitis).
  • Tingling and itching around the lips.
  • High-grade fever
  • Dehydration
  • Headaches
  • Feeling sick
  • Sore throat and swollen glands
  • Excessive salivation

Treatment of cold sore –

Cold sores / oral herpes normally heal without any treatment in two to three weeks. It is a viral infection so it heals fast with antiviral treatment. The doctor may prescribe some medication like-Acyclovir, Valacyclovir, famciclovir, and Denavir in the form of pills and ointment. Pills are more effective than ointment.

Complications of a cold sore –

Cold sores occur on or around the lips which are usually mild in the normal person but in some cases, they become more complicated. The risk of its complications increases in a person, with a weak immune system or who is taking chemotherapy. some complications are given below-

  • High-grade fever
  • Difficulty in swallowing and breathing
  • Redness in eyes

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